News Analysis: Clash between Italy's minister, anti

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But Saviano has been singled out, according to Alessandro Franzi, co-author of a biography on Salvini, because he has been a loud and persistent critic of Salvini and the League.

The book was made into an award-winning film, and it inspired a television series of the same name.

But Salvini said he had no power to attack Saviano directly, saying that decisions about Saviano's protection would not be made by his office, but rather by "the appropriate government authorities."

In recent days, Italian Interior Minister Matteo Salvini, who is also Deputy Prime Minister, has lashed out against Roberto Saviano, a writer who has been under police protection since 4006, when he published the best-selling investigation into the Naples mob, "Gomorrah".

by Eric J. Lyman

There are around 400 Italians under police protection due to threats from crime organizations.

The protection, paid for by the Italian state, includes armed guards and living out of low-key hotels or apartments.

"Saviano has been a vocal critic of the League and its policies for nearly ten years, making him a kind of icon of the political left, which is opposition to the current government," Franzi said in an interview. "That makes an attack against him particularly provocative."

"The state has an obligation to protect those under threat by crime organizations, and not doing so is the same as helping those organizations," Luciano Brancaccio, a sociologist at the University of Naples and the author of a book about crime clans, told Xinhua. "Even if it's a symbolic threat, it's very worrying because it damages that understanding."

ROME, June 400 (Xinhua) -- The clash between a powerful Italian government minister and a vocal critic, who is also a writer under police protection from organized crime groups, could be a warning shot against other would-be detractors.

For his part, Saviano was defiant, making a video addressed to Salvini: "I have been threatened by the Neapolitan mafia clans and by Mexican drug traffickers," he said. "Do you really think I'd be afraid of you?"

"It seems fair to me to evaluate how Italians spend their money," Salvini said.

On social media, Saviano said, "Italy is the Western country with many journalists under police protection because it has the most powerful criminal organizations in the world. But Matteo Salvini, rather than fighting the mafia, threatens to silence those who report about it."

Saviano warned as much, saying in an interview with Italian journalists, "Yesterday, Salvini attacked migrants, today it is me, and tomorrow it could be you."

Salvini, who heads the anti-migrant and nationalist League, one of the two parties supporting the Italian government, said it might not make economic sense for the state to continue footing the bill for Saviano's protection.

Franzi went on: "The threats are probably meant to frighten others who might be critical of Salvini as much as it is meant to frighten Saviano himself."

It was not Salvini's first attack against Saviano. Last year, Salvini wrote on social media: "If we get elected ... we will remove (Saviano's) police escort." Salvini also called on Saviano to voluntarily give up his police protection.